Most small children who go to church and Bible class regularly can sing the song, which teaches them who the judges were during book of Judges. Bible class teachers may use the tune to “Ten Little Indians” or the tune from an old song called “Reuben and Rachel.”

Sheet music for the song “Reuben and Rachel” may be found here.  I have spelled out each judge’s name like it is to be sung, therefore some will appear to be misspelled.  Anywhere there is a hyphen, each syllable should be said almost as a separate word.  Samuel’s name is the only one that is hard to fit in because it sounds like 3 separate words.

Judges Song

God sent judges over Israel
One brave woman fourteen men
They helped Israel fight their battles
Led them back to God from sin

Othneil, E-hood, Shamgar, Deborah
Gideon, A-bem-a-lech, Tola, Jair
Jepthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon,
Samson, Eli, Sam-U-el

Children should also be taught that there were other judges, not considered to be part of this era. Moses was the first, and he judged the people from morning to evening every day from the time of the Exodus through the wandering in the wilderness (Exodus 18:13-27).

Kings and other rulers also served as judges (2 Samuel 8:152 Samuel 15:21 Kings 3:16-281 Kings 3:101 Kings 3:92 Kings 8:1-6Psalms 72:1-4Matthew 27:11-26Acts 23:34-35; Acts 24; Acts 25:11-12).The Levites and priests were given this duty in their cities after Canaan was conquered (Deuteronomy 17:92 Chronicles 19:8Ezekiel 44:23-24Matthew 26:57-62).

From the beginning, it had been the Heavenly Father’s plan for his people to have judges and not kings (1 Samuel 8:4-8).


1-sam-28-witch-of-endorReferences may be found in 1 Samuel.


    1. Where did she live and what was her occupation (1 Sam. 28:7)?
    2. Was she will known (28:7)?
    3. B. Did her practice meet the approval of God (Lev. 19:31; Lev. 20:6; Deut. 18:10-11; 1 Sam. 15:23; Gal. 5:19-21)?

Leviticus 19:31—Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God.

Leviticus 20:6—And the soul that turneth after such as have familiar spirits, and after wizards, to go a whoring after them, I will even set my face against that soul, and will cut him off from among his people.

Deuteronomy 18:10-11—There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch, Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

1 Samuel 15:23—For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.

Galatians 5:19-21–

    1. Why then did Saul seek for her (28:5-6)?
    2. In what way did Saul come to her and why (28:8)?
    3. What plea did she make to him (28:9)?
    4. How did Saul answer her and what was his request (28:10-11)?
    5. Did she expect to bring up Samuel from the grave (28:12-14)?
    6. If so, why was she so excited in his presence?
    7. If she could have really called up the dead, would she have been so excited?
    8. What was Samuel’s speech to Saul (28:15-19)?
    9. How was Saul affected by this message (28:20)?
    10. What was her disposition then (28:21-23)?
    11. How did she supply strength to Saul (28:24-25)?
    12. Endor was a town in Manasseh, about four miles from Mount Tabor.  Look on a map to see the exact location and explain what you know of the city.
    13. Necromancers are sorcerers practicing necromancy (magic). They were declared an abomination to the Lord, but were common in Egypt, Assyria and Babylon (Isa. 47:9-12; Dan. 2:2).  Explain how the Lord felt about such people and their practices.
    14. A sorcerer is one who practices sorcery (Exo. 7:11). They were banned from Israel and called witches and were punished by death (Exo. 22:18).


    1. Is it sinful to consult fortune-tellers today? Why? (Lev. 19:31; Lev. 20:6; Deut. 18:10-11; 1 Sam. 15:23; Gal. 5:19-21)
    2. How do we renounce God in seeking the fortune tellers?
    3. Who in the New Testament times sought such influence of departed spirits (Luke 16:27-28)?  The rich man died and was in torments and wanted Lazarus to go to his brothers to save them from that place.
    4. What is God’s final appeal (Luke 16:29-31)?  Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.  And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.  And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.
    5. What if the witch had turned the strength of her powers for good?


The American family has changed significantly over the past century.  If you’re interested in seeing exactly how, the Marriage and Religion Research Institute has created an interactive online tool which allows users to map demographic trends over time in a variety of ways, including by US state, ethnicity and gender.  You can have a look for yourself here.

The Institute has also published family trends, including demographic and population data, which might be of interest on their website here.  One significant trend is the huge increase in children from the 1970’s onwards who have parents who are divorced, co-habiting but not married, or have always been single; a significant change in up-bringing for a large number of children across America from that time.  For those children that live below the poverty line the trend is much worse but still begins around the same time in the early 1970’s.  If you live in the US, have a look at how your state is doing on the family front.

This article is published by Shannon Roberts and MercatorNet under a Creative Commons licence. You may republish it or translate it free of charge with attribution for non-commercial purposes following these guidelines. If you teach at a university we ask that your department make a donation. Commercial media must contact us for permission and fees. Some articles on this site are published under different terms. – See more at: https://www.mercatornet.com/demography/view/the-american-family/19412#sthash.5WSGEVfc.dpuf



  • Children have never been very good at listening to their elders, but they have never failed to imitate them.
  • What you teach your own children is what you really believe in.
  • Nothing is so infectious as example. 


“Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: Which having no guide, overseer, or ruler, provideth her meat in the summer, and gathereth her food in the harvest” (Pro. 6:6-8).

The Corinthian brethren were warned not to be like the Israelites who served as bad examples in 1 Corinthians 10:11: “Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.

Paul commended the Thessalonians for being good examples in 1 Thessalonians 1:7: “So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia.”

And in 1 Peter 5:3, elders are told to be examples to the church: “Neither as being lords over God’s heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.”

After all the good examples we read about in Hebrews 11:1-40, the Hebrew writer says,

Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds (Heb. 12:1-3, KJV).

For further study, follow this link:


Human Bondage

These are hard lessons for one so young, but knowing can make the temptations of life easier to bear (1 Cor. 10:13).

for the invisible

human-bondageBowed by the weight of centuries he leans

Upon his hoe and gazes on the ground,

The emptiness of ages in his face,

And on his back the burden of the world.

Who made him dead to rapture and despair,

A thing that grieves not and that never hopes.

Stolid and stunned, a brother to the ox?

Who loosened and let down this brutal jaw?

Whose was the hand that slanted back this brow?

Whose breath blew out the light within this brain?

Is this the Thing the Lord God made and gave

To have dominion over sea and land;

To trace the stars and search the heavens for power;

To feel the passion of Eternity?

Is this the Dream He dreamed who shaped the suns

And marked their ways upon the ancient deep?

Down all the stretch of Hell to its last gulf

There is no shape more terrible…

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1 pound of dried marrow beans or pinto beans soaked overnight.

2 cloves of garlic minced

1 onion minced or chopped finely

1 small diced red-hot pepper

1 bay leaf

¾ lb. salt pork, sliced or 1 lb. bacon pre-cooked

3 tablespoons molasses

¼ cup catsup

1 teaspoon dry mustard or Dijon’s style prepared mustard

½ teaspoon ginger

1 ½ teaspoon Worcestershire sauce

½ teaspoon salt

¼ cup packed brown sugar

Sort and wash the beans.  In a kettle, Dutch oven or pressure cooker, add 6 cups of water to the beans and bring to a boil. Boil about two minutes and let stand for one hour. Add first five ingredients, bring to a boil and cook for 2 to 2 ½ hours. Drain, reserving 2 cups of liquid. To the liquid, add the remaining ingredients, except the sugar. Put the beans into a shallow baking dish or pan. Remove pork slices and arrange on top or use pre-cooked bacon pieces. Add the liquid. Sprinkle with the brown sugar. Bake, uncovered, in a hot oven (400F) about 1 hour. This recipe makes six servings.

A small collector’s cookbook, from which this was taken, was labeled “Legumes” and was part of the Woman’s Day Kitchen series #165. These free recipes were monthly publications offered in Red Owl grocery stores across Minnesota during the early 1960’s.

Conclusions on the Evidence

For families who love their children enough to teach them about such hard things.

for the invisible

Conclusions on the Evidence

This post has been a long time in coming since other projects have taken priority,  but I still wanted to share one more post on evolution before moving on to the positive evidence that God does exist. I’d like to recap the major points from the previous articles examining the evidence for evolution, as well as share some statements from evolutionists themselves concerning their conclusions about the evidence.

Natural Selection

Seeing how changes in the environment could instigate changes in a population of animals, since the animals with the most “adapted” traits are most likely to survive, Darwin imagined how changes in traits might add up overtime, eventually creating an entirely new kind of animal.

  • But in every example of natural selection, such as peppered moths or deer mice, existing traits simply became predominate when favored by the environment. They were not genetically new traits created by the environment.
  • As…

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